NR 507 Week 6 Discussions Dermatologic and Musculoskeletal Disorders

Week 6: Dermatologic and Musculoskeletal Disorders

 

Discussion Part One

 

This week’s graded topics relate to the following Course Outcomes (COs).

 

1 Analyze pathophysiologic mechanisms associated with selected disease states. (PO 1)

 

2 Differentiate the epidemiology, etiology, developmental considerations, pathogenesis, and clinical and laboratory manifestations of specific disease processes. (PO 1)

 

3 Examine the way in which homeostatic, adaptive, and compensatory physiological mechanisms can be supported and/or altered through specific therapeutic interventions. (PO 1, 7)

 

4 Distinguish risk factors associated with selected disease states. (PO 1)

 

5 Describe outcomes of disruptive or alterations in specific physiologic processes. (PO 1)

 

6 Distinguish risk factors associated with selected disease states. (PO 1)

 

7 Explore age-specific and developmental alterations in physiologic and disease states

 

You are contacted by an attorney representing a client who has been charged with child abuse and whom faces loss of her child and 15 years in prison. The record indicated that the child was 4 years old and presented to the ER room with a broken arm and a broken leg There also appeared to be multiple previous fractures. Now, you examine the child and find blue sclera, a sunken chest wall, severe scoliosis, and you observe a triangular face and prominent forehead. You confirm that there have been multiple previous fractures by evaluating the previous X-rays. This is a genetic disorder.

 

• What is the most likely genetic disease that this presents and why?

 

• What is the molecular basis of this disease?

 

• Before, calling the police what should the initial clinician have done?

 

Discussion Part Two

 

This week’s graded topics relate to the following Course Outcomes (COs).

 

1 Analyze pathophysiologic mechanisms associated with selected disease states. (PO 1)

 

2 Differentiate the epidemiology, etiology, developmental considerations, pathogenesis, and clinical and laboratory manifestations of specific disease processes. (PO 1)

 

3 Examine the way in which homeostatic, adaptive, and compensatory physiological mechanisms can be supported and/or altered through specific therapeutic interventions. (PO 1, 7)

 

4 Distinguish risk factors associated with selected disease states. (PO 1)

 

5 Describe outcomes of disruptive or alterations in specific physiologic processes. (PO 1)

 

6 Distinguish risk factors associated with selected disease states. (PO 1)

 

7 Explore age-specific and developmental alterations in physiologic and disease states. (PO 1)

 

Johnny is a 5-year-old Asian boy who is brought to a family practice office with a “runny” nose that started about 1 week ago but has not resolved. He has been blowing his nose quite frequently and “sores” have developed around his nose. His mother states, “The sores started as ‘big blisters’ that rupture; sometimes, a scab forms with a crust that looks like “dried maple syrup” but continues to seep and drain.” She is worried because the lesions are now also on his forearm. Johnny’s past medical and family histories are normal. He has been febrile but is otherwise asymptomatic. The physical examination was unremarkable except for moderate, purulent rhinorrhea and 0.5- to 1-cm diameter weeping lesions around the nose and mouth and on the radial surface of the right forearm. There is no regional lymphadenopathy.

 

• Write a differential of at least five (5) possible diagnosis’s and explain how each may be a possible answer to the clinical presentation above. Remember, to list the differential in the order of most likely to less likely.

 

• Based upon what you have at the top of the differential how would you treat this patient? Differential diagnosis for this clinical presentation and justify it.

 

• When would you allow the student back to school? Elaborate on your reasoning?

 

Discussion Part Three

 

Keisha, a 13-year-old female, has come into your urgent care center. She has red conjunctiva, a cough and a fever of about 104 0C, She also has a rash on her face a possibly the beginning of a rash on her arms. About 10 days ago she was around another student who had similar symptoms.

 

• What is the differential diagnosis?

 

• What are some of the complications of this disease, assume that the top of your differential is the definitive?

 

• Assume that the second item you place on your differential is the definitive diagnosis. What are some complications of that disease?

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