What contributions has nursing research made to nursing practice and health care?
There are different theories in nursing and each theory highlights its position. As it stated by Blais and Hayes (2011), “Different theories represent different worldviews, which are different ways of conceiving of knowledge” (p. 97). Here are some contrasts and conceptual approaches of Jean Watson and Patricia Benner theories.
Nurses can gain their knowledge through experience without theory studying aspect. Job experience is foundation for becoming an expert. “Benner’s work focuses on developing understanding of perceptual acuity, clinical judgment, skilled know-how, ethical comportment, and ongoing experimental learning” (Alligood, 2010, p.141). There is novice to expert steps to go through. Benner believes that “skilled pattern recognition can be taught and will lead to advancement through the stages” (Altmann, 2007, p.115). Benner’s mainly concentrates on nurses not on the patient.
Over the past years nursing as a science has grown more towards human caring in the medical field. It means that modern nursing should be more humans bound. Human caring is a “normative ethical theory” or in other words a theory about what makes human actions “morally right or wrong” as points out Nel Noddings a renowned American ethicist, feminist, educationalist, and philosopher (Crowley, 1994, p. 75). Theorist Jean Watson continued and developed this idea and declares that “caring in nursing practice” is one of the “basic ethic and psychology’s concepts” as well (Watson, 2012, p. 42). The major concepts of Watson’s theory are love and caring, respect for person needs and wishes, as well as dignity, professionalism and problem solving. These theories represent different concepts and have the rights to take place.