Many patients self-medicate with antacids. Which patients should be counseled to not take calcium carbonate antacids without discussing with their providers or a pharmacist first?Patients with kidney stonesPregnant patientsPatients with heartburnPostmenopausal women.
Many patients self-medicate with antacids. Which patients should be counseled to not take calcium carbonate antacids without discussing with their providers or a pharmacist first?Patients with kidney stonesPregnant patientsPatients with heartburnPostmenopausal womenQuestion 2. A patient with a COPD exacerbation may require:Doubling of inhaled corticosteroid doseSystemic corticosteroid burstContinuous inhaled beta 2 agonistsLeukotriene therapyQuestion 3.When prescribing montelukast (Singulair) for asthma, patients or parents of patients should be instructed as follows:Montelukast twice a day is started when there is an asthma exacerbation.Patients may experience weight gain on montelukast.Aggression, anxiety, depression, and/or suicidal thoughts may occur when taking montelukast.Lethargy and hypersomnia may occur when taking montelukast.Question 4.Lifestyle changes are the first step in the treatment of GERD. A food that may aggravate GERD is:EggsHoney DewChocolateChickenQuestion 5. Kelly has diarrhea and is wondering if she can take loperamide (Imodium) for the diarrhea. Loperamide:Can be given to patients of all ages, including infants and children, for viral gastroenteritisSlows gastric motility and reduces fluid and electrolyte loss from diarrheaIs the treatment of choice for the diarrhea associated with E. coli 0157May be used in pregnancy and by lactating womenQuestion 6.Patients with allergic rhinitis may benefit from a prescription of:Fluticasone (Flonase)Cetirizine (Zyrtec)OTC cromolyn nasal spray (Nasalcrom)Any of the aboveQuestion 7.When treating a patient using the “step-down” approach, the patient with GERD is started on ____ first.antacidshistamine 2 receptor antagonistsprokineticsPPIsQuestion 8.Cough and cold medications that contain a sympathomimetic decongestant such as phenylephrine should be used cautiously in what population?Older adultsHypertensive patientsInfantsAll of the aboveQuestion 9. Josie is a five-year-old who presents to the clinic with a forty-eight-hour history of nausea, vomiting, and some diarrhea.