Describe four cardiovascular conditions that may lead to heart failure.
High blood pressure- Uncontrolled BP is a high-risk factor for developing CHF. When pressure is blood vessels is too high the heart has to pump harder than normal to keep up, and over time it causes the heart to get weaker.
Ensure all home medication is on the MAR. Verify the medications with MD and adhere to BP protocol ordered by MD.
Education is the key: Educate pt to be compliance with all medications ordered by MD.
Smoking is a major risk factor for the development of coronary heart disease. CAD is a leading cause of heart failure and also the death of some part of the heart muscle.
Educating on smoking cessation and the risk factors associated with it will help prevent heart failure and lung cancer. Nicotine patches is essential for all smokers. It assists in smoking cessation.
Obesity-: This is another problem that increases heart failure. Overweight’s cause the heart to work harder than normal and cause sleep apnea.
Exercise and proper diet help manage obesity. Educating on the long-term effects of obesity and some ways to help with weight loss.
Sleep apnea- Pauses in breathing can contribute to fatigue and cause high blood pressure and heart failure, diabetes, stroke.
Encourage patients to use their prescribed CPAP.
Educate on the importance of CPAP and risks of noncompliance.
Cardiomyopathy: That is enlarged heart muscles (either due to increased workload over time, or genetic abnormalities), require more oxygen and energy to efficiently pump blood through the heart (Ottaviani, 2016). Enlarged walls of the heart chambers also decrease the size of the chamber, which reduces the amount of blood that can fill the heart at any given tim